A compressed air system transfers power in the form of air pressure and the component that connects everything together in a compressed air system is the piping.
The Compressed Air Piping System
The basics of compressed air pipework are simple because you just need to attach a compressor to an end-user device via a pipe. But when trying to apply this to your workshop, no matter how easy it looks in the brochure, you can find it gets a bit more complicated. Many end-use devices of compressed air require isolation and ventilation like a paint-spraying station needs its own booth with heavy air filtering. You are going to have to place the station near an outside wall. You’re going to need to cool it and will have to place it near an outside wall as well if you’ve got a curing machine. You’ll find you have long distances you must travel to get compressed air to all of your end-use equipment with many of your devices requiring an outside wall unless your property is donut-shaped which can be a challenge. Ending up sacrificing simplicity in your piping system is a major drawback of getting all of your compressed air from one source. Preparing the compressed air piping system is the last concept while sorting out a shop floor. The environmental conditions and needs of your industrial facility gear regularly outrank the plan to simplify supply lines.
Considerations of Piping Layout
You might think you should focus on the connectors when designing a compressed air piping system because this is where leaks are most likely to occur. Most people believe leaks are the greatest threat to a system’s efficiency but that is not necessarily the case. Here are three factors can have a more significant influence on your pressure efficiency than leaks:
- Sharp angles
- Blockage and obstructions
The Pressure Drop and Pipe Size
The compressed air piping in your building will always generate some pressure drop which only means that your air users don’t get the same pressure that is available at your compressor. The air always has some difficulty to pass through the pipes because the longer and smaller the pipes, the harder it is for the air to pass through it. That is why it’s important to install big enough piping. The more air you utilize, the greater the weight drop is. If you don’t use any air at all then there won’t be any pressure drop. Weight drops are just made when the wind currents through the piping. Too little piping is a typical issue in factories and workshops which have been extended after some time.